Hair loss is very stressful for the affected patients. Every hair wash can become a torture. One speaks of pathologically increased hair loss when the loss rate exceeds 50-100 hairs/day. The causes are manifold and often difficult to determine. In addition to nutritional deficiencies, medications, systemic diseases (e.g. thyroid disorders, iron deficiency) and scalp diseases (e.g. psoriasis), a hereditary predisposition and hormones (especially testosterone) can also play a role.
One can distinguish between different "forms" of hair loss. While diffuse hair loss results in a uniform thinning of the hair due to a loss of hair distributed over the entire head, hair loss in circular hair loss (alopecia areata) is often limited to individual areas (but can also affect the entire body).
Damage to the hair structure
Hair structure damage, which refers to splitting or breaking of the hair, must be distinguished from this. However, the hair root remains intact and active. Mostly mechanical (e.g. intensive combing, hair elastics), chemical (e.g. hair coloring, perming) or physical effects (e.g. blow drying, UV light) are the cause.
Hair loss diagnostics
In addition to a detailed medical history and an inspection of the scalp, keeping a "hair loss diary" can provide clues to the underlying cause.
The localization of the hair loss can also be informative. In the case of hereditary or hormonal hair loss, a receding hairline with "receding hairline corners" is typical in men, while the crown area is more likely to be affected in women. Hair plucking tests, laboratory tests and hair root analyses (trichograms) can supplement the diagnosis.
Hair loss therapy
If the cause of the hair loss can be found, the trigger should definitely be eliminated or treated. Alopecia areata is a frequently reversible hair loss of unknown cause (probably autoimmunological processes).There are also numerous treatment options available for this, about which we will be happy to advise you in detail in our consultation.